The underlying causes or triggers of arthritis are as diverse and complex as the disease itself. There are many causes of this medical condition, and these may include deterioration of the cartilage, lack of synovial fluid, active infection, autoimmunity and a combination of other conditions. In addition to the primary causes of the disease, it can also develop as a secondary symptom of a number of diseases, and these include the following:
Familial Mediterranean fever
Inflammatory bowel disease
Causes of Osteoarthritis
Primary osteoarthritis is generally associated with old age, as the bone cartilage breaks down due to the normal wear and tear of the affected joints. Trauma is also a major cause of the disease. On the other hand, secondary osteoarthritis is generally triggered by physical condition such as obesity and congenital anomalies. The major risk factors of this type of arthritis include joint dislocation, diabetes, hormonal imbalances, bow legs, gout and improper posture.
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a medical condition that is characterized by the breakdown in the function of the body’s immune system. This autoimmune disease destroys the body tissues. The primary cause of the disease is not known, although there are some studies the suggest a link between genetics and the individual‘s predisposition to osteoarthritis.
Causes of Gout
Gout episodes are triggered by the excessive secretion and accumulation of uric acid, and these condition results to the buildup of crystals in the joints. The condition can be caused by certain food items and medications. Other predisposing factors include excessive alcohol intake, poor diet, surgery, serious injuries to the joint and chemotherapy.
Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis
The primary cause or causes of the disease is not known. However, health experts agree that genetics play an important role in the incidence of AS. Most men and women who develop this type of arthritis have a gene that generates a particular gene marker known as HLA-B27, and this gene marker is present in more than 95 percent of Caucasians. However, a person doesn’t have to be positive with this genetic marker to develop the disease.
Causes of Juvenile Arthritis
The primary cause or causes of juvenile arthritis are not known, although medical experts agree that the disease is an autoimmune problem. In addition to this, several studies have revealed that certain genetic markers are common in children who are suffering from juvenile arthritis, although the condition is not considered by medical professionals as being hereditary.
In addition to the specific genetic makers which have been linked to the incidence of juvenile arthritis, results of various studies have shown that the medical condition can be triggered by other factors such as concurrent bacterial infection.
Causes of Psoriatic Arthritis
The primary cause or causes of psoriatic arthritis is not clear, although the disease is associated with an overactive immune system. However, it is important to note that psoriatic arthritis is not an autoimmune condition, and the damage to the affected joints is primarily due to their persistent inflammation. Psoriatic arthritis is triggered by a host of environmental, immunologic and genetic variables, and the predisposing factors include age, gender and the medical history of the patient’s family.
Causes of Septic Arthritis
Septic arthritis is generally caused by a fungal, bacterial or viral infection, where the pathogenic microorganisms are introduced into the joints through the bloodstream. The pathogenic microorganism may affect the joint as it enters directly from the outside due to a surgical procedure or injury. It may also affect the joints when the condition becomes systemic after infecting other parts of the body.
The infecting agents may vary depending on the age group of the patient. Infants may develop septic arthritis when they get gonococcal infections which affect the joints after getting exposed to mothers who have gonorrhea. Children may also develop septic arthritis as a result of improper placement of catheter in hospitals. The infecting agent is usually Staphyloccocus aureus or Haemophilus influenzae.
Older children and adults may develop septic arthritis after getting infected with Streptococcus aureus, Streptococcus viridians and Streptococcus pyogenes. Older individuals are generally predisposed to the disease when they are exposed to Pseudomonas, Salmonella and other gram-negative bacilli.
Exercise and Treatment
Arthritis is a chronic disease and you can effectively manage and control the disease with exercise combined with popular relief products that have been proven to be safe and effective and which do not present adverse reactions and side effects.